to perpetuate the memory and history of our dead

This website will relate the results of my on-going journey (since 2016) of discovery to learn the story of the hellish ordeal of the US POWs who worked the Thai-Burma Railway (TBR). There are many stories to be told; almost as many as there were men to tell them. Not all of the men ‘involved’ were sent to the TBR; a significant number lived out their separate ordeals in a number of other places in South East Asia.

“No one knows you were there unless you tell your story”
— Roy Livingstone, ex-POW

I will attempt to present their many stories in chapters to make it readable and understandable. Not everyone who visits this site will be interested in the TBR portion of the story. A significant portion of these men went to Japan (before or after working the TBR). Others went to Borneo or Sumatra (where they worked the lesser known Sumatra Railway). A few never left the island of Java where most of them began their journey through hell.

The two main groups who became prisoners of the Japanese in March 1942 were comprised of Texas National Guardsmen who were federalized and then destined for the Philippines but were diverted to Australia then Java when the Japanese overran the Philippine Islands. The second group were the survivors of the sinking of the USS HOUSTON (CA-30) off the coast of Java on the night of 28 FEB – 1 MAR 1942.

There are a few ‘others’ whose stories we will add along the journey. Perhaps the most intriguing of these is that of Khun (Mr.) BoonPong and his smuggling network to get the POWs needed supplies. The most ‘forgotten’ group are the Merchant Mariners who survived the sinking of their vessels. One small group were sent to work the TBR at Hintok near the infamous Hellfire Pass.

Also the story of the 1944 Thaiyanusorn Shrine has developed a ‘life of its own’. (see Section10c) So, too, is the ever developing story of the romusha and achieving for them the recognition that they are so sorely due. (see Section 20)

As a member of the Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW), I have taken the VFW Congressional mandate to “perpetuate the memory and history of our dead” to heart in relating the story of these men.The story told herein is my version of events and those involved.

Any errors or omissions are mine and mine alone. I have not intentionally violated anyone’s copyright. If I have used something that you claim as ‘yours’ alone, I hereby request permission to continue to utilize it.

In many Sections, the story continued to expand over time. I have chosen to add new content as information became available. but not to edit the earlier content significantly. This simply shows how the saga evolved over time.

JJ KARWACKI
COL(ret) US ARMY Medical Corps

Life Member VFW Post 9951 Bangkok

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