to perpetuate the memory and history of our dead

5.0 TBR Timeline

I, personally, am a very linear thinker. I like things in order. In an effort to put the entries in LTC Tharp’s diary into the overall context of the TBR, I have integrated a number of sources. The primary sources are LTC Tharp’s personal diary (labelled Th) and a USN document of a similar nature as a diary (labelled NAVY). Those labelled as ME are from a multitude of sources; too numerous to credit. Finally, the Thai-Burma Railway Centre (TBRC) published a list of “Significant Dates” which I have integrated. Futamatsu was a professional Engineer on the TBR who published a book on his TBR experiences. Names like Fillmore and Berrie are from other sources of which I came into possession.

There are a few mis-connections in some of the dates, but I present them as published. The overall concentration is on the movements and events related to the US POWS (Th and NAVY entries) but I think it is important to know how those fit in with other events that define the TBR.

JAN 2022 Update: In order to honor them, I have added all of the TBR-related deaths.

sourceJan-41abbreviated dates are approx = correct to mo/yr
Stone12-Jan-1941RTA attacks thereby beginning the Franco-Thai war
Stone17-Jan-1941RTN defeated at Ko Chang
Stone28-Jan-1941Jp brokered cease -fire
Stone9-May-1941Peace agreement signed with Japan as mediator
Th11-Nov-19412/131 departs Camp Bowie
Th14-Nov-1941arrived Ft Mason CA
Th21-Nov-1941sailed SS REPUBLIC from SF
Th28-Nov-1941arrived Honolulu
Th29-Nov-1941departed Honolulu SS Republicconvoy of NIAGRA, PENSACOLA, Holbrook, Meigs, Bloemfontein, Haltead, Chaumont, Coast Farmer & Republic
ME7-Dec-1941“a Day that shall live in Infamy”
Th13-Dec-1941arrived Suva FijiBritish Cruiser Achilles added to convoy; Niagra returned to Hawaii
Th20-Dec-1941re-routed to Australia
ME21-Dec-1941Thai-Japan alliance signedPM Phibun
Th22-Dec-1941arrived Brisbane
Th23-Dec-1941to Ascot Race Course
crime25-Dec-1941began loading Bloemfontein
Th30-Dec-1941departed Brisbane
Th2-Jan-1942convoy with PENSACOLAHolbrook Chaumant & Liberty (sunk)
Mott8-Jan-1942Flying Tiger Chas Mott shot down over Mae Sotperhaps the first AAF POW in the theater
ME11-Jan-1942131 lands at Surabaja Javaalong w/ 26th FA Bde
ME25-Jan-1942Thailand declares war on the Allies; except USAUS AMD Willys Peck interred as prisoner
Th27-Jan-194219th Bomb Grp; 44 men arr from Mindanos PI to Java
Th28-Jan-194222nd Bomb Grp from AUS
Th3-Feb-19422 TXNG KIA on B-17 during first air raidPFC  John Bingham & PVT Don Barnes
Horn4-Feb-1942Battle of Makassar Strait; damaged by bombing43 KIA in aft Turret; 6 WIA later died of wounds
ME4-Feb2LT Stensland arr from AUSmbr of the 147th FA So Dakota NG
ME4-Feb131 servicing planes at Camp SingosariMalang DEI
NAVY5-Febwithdraw for interim repairs at Tjilatjap, Java
Th9-Feb-1942air raid destroys 1 75mm-gun & 3 vehiclesSGT Sparkman injured during air raid
Horn15-Febengages a Japanese Force in the Straits  of Timor while escorting a convoy
ME15-FebSingapore surrenders
Th16-Feb-1942British AA Batt (40mm guns) arrive Singosari
Th20-Feb-1942air raid  planes destroyedCPL Holder of E Batt wounded
Th24-Feb-1942visited COL Searle at Bandoeng USF HQ
Th26-Feb-1942orders to support Black Force under BG Blackburn
Th26-Feb-194226th FA Bde to Tjilatjap harbor for evac17 (18) men reassigned to 131
Th26-Feb-1942E Batt to remain Singosari / Surabaja
Th27-Feb-1942left Malang to join Black ForceJajakarta>Tasikmalaja>Burtenzorg> Soakaboemi>Banboeng>Garoet
ME28-FebHouston and Perth sunk in Sunda Strait1,061 aboard, 352 survived to be taken as POWs, including 34 of the 74-man Marine Detachment
Th28-Feb-1942to Tasikmalaja
Barrett1-Mar-1942USMC 2LT Edward Barrett reached shore; immediately taken as POWalong with Cmdr Galbraith, Ens J.B. Nelson, Ens  J.M. Hamill, USMC SGT  Pryor & PFC  Charles
TBRC1-MarIJA issues TBR orders
Th1-Mar-1942to Buitenzorg reported to Black Force2/2 Pioneers; 2/6 ENG; 2/3 Mach Gunners of AUS 7th DIV
NAVY2-Mar-1942approx 150 USS HOUSTON surv at Serang Jail
Barrett / Reese4-Mar-1942moved to Serang theaterMet up with Ned Gallagher, Ens C.D. Smith, Cmdr Maher, Lts Payne & Fulton, Bob Halkema, Lt(jg)Hamill
Th4-Mar-1942to Sourkaboeni
Th5-Mar-1942to Bandoeng (rubber plantation)PVT RHODES KIA of acc GSW
Th7-Mar-1942to Garoet race track then Wasapada tea plantation
Berrie10-Mar-1942CPT Dodson and small grp captured on Madura IsE Batt  attempted evasion
Futamatsu13-Marfirst Railroad Engineers arr BanPong
Th18-Mar-1942began march to Batavia
Th19-Mar-1942to Tjbatoe by truck (Tandajung Priok docks area)
BEGAN24-Mar-1942Flying Tiger McGarry shot down near Chiang Maitaken POW and held in BKK; FTM assisted in escape Apr 45
PeadonMar-42some 131 moved moved to Chaon Schoolincluded SGT Crayton Gordon and CPT Eldon Schmid
KIA26-Mar-1942first USN dies of woundsLT(jg)Francis Weiler
Th30-Mar-1942131 to Bicycle Campjoined by 14 other ARMY (?) and 343 HOUSTON survivors
Barrett31-Mar-19421st MC on JavaPVT Hill died of dysentery and yellow jaundice
UNTx31-Mar-1942part of 131 arrives at Tandajung Priok docks
NAVY5-Apr-1942LT Ross w/ 25 USN arr Bicycle Camp
Barrett6-Apr-1942Gallagher, Galbraith, Payne, Fulton, Maher, Dalton & Winslow taken away.Senior 8 group included USN LT H. Kirkpatrick
Maher6-Apr-19428 (senior) HOUSTON staff to Japanincluding CDR Maher to Zentsuji / Omori
Barrett / Reese13-Apr-1942Moved to Bicycle Camp in Batavia fron Serang theaterFicklin and EL Martin join them from the Batavia jail (not Serang)
NAVY13-Apr-1942Lt(jg) Hamlin w/ 35 arr BCDetre(OH 475); Melvin Mahlant
NAVY13-Apr-1942COL Searle arr BC w/ 2 enlisted
NAVY15-Apr-1942150 USN arr BCunspecified as to service USN / USMC?
NAVY15-Apr-1942Flt SGT  John Morgan of Eagle Sqrd arr BC(fraudulent US POW)
NAVY5-May-1942first USN death from dysenteryLt Russell R Ross dies of dysentery
Barrett / Stewart14-May-1942131st FA Arrives in campSome 800 Yanks now in camp of 3000
NAVY14-May-1942131 TXNG arr BCalso SM1c CL Seal is w/ TXNG ???
TBRC14-May3,000 Australian POWs left Changi to Burma(known as A-Force)
AUS26-May-1942A-Force arrives Burmavia TAVOY
Toosey5-Jun-1942a 0-Km post was installed at NongPlaDuk[see 16 SEP 42]
ME13-Jun-1942OSS created by FDR
Fujita18-Jun-1942bulk of E Battery at Bicycle from Surabaja
TBRC18-Jun3,000 British POWS left Changi to Ban Pong aka Grp #1
ME24-Jun-1942dedication of the Victory Monument in Bkkcommemorates the 1941 Thai-Franco war victory
ME29-Jun-1942US AMD Willys Peck departs Thailand
KIA1-Jul-1942131 non-POW death in AAF  B-17 crash in AUSPVT Byron West
ME5-JulJapanese engineers begin to survey the route of the TBR
NAVY9-Jul-1942Flt SGT  John Morgan injured in fall
MottSep-42Charles Mott arrives at Nong Pladuk
Reminick10-Sep-1942Michel sinks the AMERICAN LEADER
ME16-Sep-1942Nong Pladuk marker dates beginning of constructionThais build first 50 Km in TH
Th18-Sep-1942new camp Commandant and guards replace at BC
Fillmore1-Oct-1942USN personnel given plague vaccine
TBRC1-Oct-1942Green Force begin work at Kandaw (KILO 4)start of TBR construction in Burma
NAVY2-Oct-1942Fz Party w/ Gilmore, Hiner, Stensland & 124 men depart BC89 AUS in that party  aka Grp 3          [Henry Walker 2/2 Pioneer]
Th4-Oct-1942Fz party of 191 depart BC aka GRP 3includes 62 Houston under LTjg Hamlin
Toosey4-Oct-1942initial 200 British arr KANLed by Maj John Roberts
2/4 MG Bn8-Oct-1942Grp 4 depart Java on Kimmon Maru1500 AUS depart BC
Barrett8-Oct-1942Fz party arr Singa191 US; 88 AUS; 121 Dutch
NAVY10-Oct-1942Zg party of 68 US depart for JapanTacoma Maru
TBRC10-Oct-1942A-Force arr at Hlepauk (18 Kilo camp)
Th10-Oct-1942Zg grp selected67 US to Japan
Barrett11-Oct-1942500 US leave for Singapore = Grp 5A includes 488 US, 362 AUS & 150 Dutchleave behind Col Searle, plus Levitt and two marines, PFC Miller and PVT Winters
Fillmore11-Oct-1942Th Party departs BC 488 US aka GRP 5ALt(jg) Hamlin cdr of 237 enl & 9 off from Hous
Fillmore11-Oct-1942TH 5A sails from Priok on Da Nichi Maru 
Owtram11-Oct-1942part of Grp 1 depart NongPlaDuk for KANabout 800 British POWs on a 3-day march
Th11-Oct-1942TH 5A departs BC488 US; 362 AUS; 150 Dutch
Barrett15-Oct-1942arrive Singaporelisted as mbr of Tharp Grp 5A
Fillmore15-Oct-1942TH 5A arrive Singapore; by truck to Changi
ME15-OctE Batt Dodson grp of 12 arr Bataviahad escaped to Madura; date per Ray Robinson
ME20-OctTacoma Maru departs Java for Singa; 1600 Brit / Dutch POWsAAF 1Lt Teborak & MSG John F Smith and SM2c  Marvin Sizemore
Toosey20-Oct-1942next 110 British arr KANLed by Cpt David Boyle
Toosey22-Oct-1942900 British POWs dep Singa for Thailand led by LtCol Toosey; 4 days by train
2/4 MG Bn23-Oct-1942Grp 4 depart Singa on Meabashi Maru
Fillmore23-Oct-1942first 131 death on Java from diseasePVT Griffin died of dysentery
2/4 MG Bn24-Oct-1942Organized into Black and Williams Forces43 in Williams; 6 in Black
AUS24-Oct-19422/2 Pioneer & Perth surv arrive Burma; Williams Forcesent to 35 Km camp – Tanyin
2/4 MG Bn26-Oct-1942Arr Thanbyuzayat
2/4 MG Bn27-Oct-1942Wm F to KILO 35 (Tanyin)
Th27-Oct-1942Zeigler Grp depart for Japan60 US ; 200 Dutch; 12 AUS;
2/4 MG Bn28-Oct-1942Wm F to KILO 45 (Anakwin)
Hall/Bhaze28-Oct-1942AUS Anderson & Williams Forces combine into Mobile Force #1
Th28-Oct-1942MAJ Horrington grp arr BC E Batt100 US
Toosey29-Oct-1942Toosey Grp arr Kanchanaburinow 1500 POWs there
Knights30-OctNorfolk Territorial Regiment arr KANthen on to Tarsao; LtCol Alfred Knights in command of Grp #4
Stitt30-Oct-19425000 British POWs arr ChungKaiGordon Highlander Lt Col John Heslop Stitt CDR
TXNG / Walker30-OctFz Grp arr Betetaung 40 KILOas part of Black Force
Fillmore2-Nov-1942E Batt personnel arrive ChangiBattery CDR CPT Dodson not present [to Mukden]
Th5-Nov-1942TH 5A at Changitotal strength 1387 = fit 518/light 96/unfit 573
Duffy6-Nov-1942AMERICAN LEADER Capt Pederson and crew at BCfrom German Raider Michel
Stanbrough says 25 NovNov-42Zg Grp arrive Moji Jp
TooseyNov-42LtCol Toosey’s Force of British begin work on Bridge 277abt 1500 men; simultaneously began work on the piles of the iron bridge by hand
Toosey15-Nov-1942first British death at TMK200 more would follow
KIA26-NovCRM Harmon Alderman KIA when Tafuku Maru sunk near Jp[had been left behind by Zg Party]
Feliz27-Nov-1942Zeigler Grp departs Singa
Fillmore28-Nov-1942E Batt departs Changi for JapanHorrigan Michie 2 USN and CIV David Hicks with E Batt
Reminick29-Nov-1942SS Sawolka sunk near Madagascar16 MM & 4 USNR gunners KIA
TXNG/Gee29-Nov-1942Fz Grp to 25 Kilo campKun Knit Kway
MottDec-42Mott takes control of 62 US trucks for transport of POW supplies
TooseyDec-42Gatmel dredge arrives at TMKwork on iron bridge pilings completed in JAN 43
Hall/Bhaze18-Dec-1942Ramsay Force arr at Kunhnitkway (26 KILO camp)
NAVY20-Dec-19421000 Dutch depart Changi
Feliz26-Dec-1942Zeigler Grp arrives JapanTofuku Maru
Th28-Dec-1942COL Searle departs (to Taiwan via Singa}en route to Mukden
NAVY1-Jan-1943USN 231 USMC 8 civ 1 at Singapore
NAVY2-Jan-1943COL Searle and 46 senior officers arrive Changien route to Mukden
KIA5-Jan-1943PFC Wm Fraser KIA in B-17 over Rabalhad tfx to AAF in Feb 42
Th6-Jan-1943John Morgan exposed as BRITPVT S. McKenzie added to USN party
Th7-Jan-1943Th 5A party depart Changi431 enl & 25 off of Hous
Th9-Jan-1943Th 5A depart Changi by trainleft behind: Kelly Porter Martin [Johnson & McManus]
Th10-Jan-1943Th 5A arr Prai (Indo) moved to ship
Th12-Jan-1943Th 5A dep Prai on Moji Maru456 US ; 160 Dutch  385 AUS
TBRCJan-43Anderson and Williams Force join at Tanyin (35 KILO camp)
Th15-Jan-1943convoy bombed Nichimei Maru sunk; Moji Maru damagedKIA 5 AUS; 50 Dutch MIA-KIA
TooseyJan-43Escape plan hatched; 2 Off ;4 ORsLed by US Cpt Pomeroy 2/1 FF Rifles
Th17-Jan-1943Th 5A arr Moulmein to District jail
TXNG21-Jan-1943Th 5A arr Thanbyuzayat base camp
dcd-TH23-Jan-1943first USN death on TBR – Beri-beriSM1c Asa Young
Th24-Jan-1943Griffith, Fowler and Tharp to Thanbyuzayat camp
Th25-Jan-1943Th 5A begin move to 18 KILO  (Aepauk)
Fillmore26-Jan-1943Fowler & Tharp to 18 KILO
Th28-Jan-1943CPT Elkin last at 18 KILO
Barrett2-Feb-1943H.H. Stone (USN); H.M. Johnson (S1c) and H.E. McManus (SC1) detailed  to Borneo
Th2-Feb-1943first E-Bat death on JavaPVT Abileno Hernandez dies Surabayaof TB
Silver3-Feb-19433 USN tfx to Borneo from SingaJohnson / McManus / Stone
Filmore4-Feb-1943LT Ferrey party of 9 officers arr Batavia (19th BGrp)date ?[where were they held?]
Toosey5-Feb-1943all 6 escapees re-captured & executedTechnically not a US POW, Pomeroy was the only US citizen executed
Toosey10-Feb-1943wooden railroad bridge over Mae Klong finished1000 Dutch arrive at TMK
AUS15-Feb-1943A-Force arrives KAN from Nike (Nikki; Km 131)
Th15-Feb-1943CPT Fowler and 55 US selected for Japan
Toosey15-Feb-1943Toosey’s men begin work on Kms of track to ChungKai 
Th16-Feb-1943MAJ Rogers advanced to 85 KILO
ME10-MarFz Grp 3 arrive at 35 KILO camp (Tanyin)joined by Ramsay Force per TBRC
Fillmore19-Mar-1943Th 5A moved to 85 KILO MAJ Wright at 18 K with sick grp
ME20-MarFz Grp 3 arrive at 14 KILO camp
Th25-Mar-1943MAJ Wright grp to 30 KILO94 sick in party
TXNG5-AprFz Grp 3 return to 25 KILO camp (Kun Knit Kway)
Th6-Apr-1943Th 5A marched to 80 KILO
NAVY9-Apr-1943Fowler grp departs for Japan; (207 total)only traveled as far as Saigon
dcd-TH13-Apr-43first 131 TBR diease deathS1c KONDZELA, LAWRENCE of MAL
Th13-Apr-1943second USN death on TBRSF1c James White of malaria
Futamatsu15-Apr-1943iron span bridge completed at 277 siteToosey says end of the month
Knights15-AprChungKai camp converted to hospital400 evacuated from Tarsoa to CK
Reminick15-AprMichel drops POWs at Singapore
dcd-TH18-Apr-1943YM1c Irving Felix dies of TB at BC 
AUS War Mem25-Apr-1943construction begins on Hellfire Pass
TXNG26-Apr-1943Fz Grp to 45 Kilo camp
dcd-TH28-Apr-43first USMC death on TBR malaria at 80 KILOSGT Joe Lusk
Th30-Apr-1943announce beginning of SPEEDO period
2/4 MG BnMay-43Williams and Anderson Forces combined into #1 Mobile Force
2/4 MG BnMay-43elements of 2/2 ENG added to #1 Mobile Force
TooseyMay-43first cases of cholera among Tamils in the highland campscoincided with beginning of SPEEDO period
TooseyMay-43bridge building POWs sent to Kinsayok (British) & Lin Tin (Dutch)Toosey stays at TMK as hospital camp leader
TXNG2-May-1943Fz Grp return to 18 KILO camp (Alepak)
Th4-May-194330 sick moved to KAN camp #3 
NAVY5-May-194341 US moved to KAN #1 Thamakanjoined with Rogers Party of 110 US
Peadon5-May-1943H-Force departed Singaincluded a small (23) grp of US POWs
Th8-May-1943MAJ Wright party left 30 KILO
Saggers12-May-1943H-Force arr BanPong1,800 British, 600 Dutch and 600 Aus
2/4 MG Bn13-May-1943Wm F to KILO 57 (Taunzun)
NAVY14-May-1943Marine 1SG Dupler dies at Than of dysentery
TXNG14-MayFz Grp 3 arrive at 30 KILO camp (Retpu)
TBRC15-MayH-Force(2) dep Singa includes 19 ARMY & NAVYincluding Sawolka crewmen
Th24-May-43MAJ Rogers advanced to 100 KILO
Peadon25-May-43H-Force arrives at Hintok-Tonchan SouthTamil camp nearby
Th28-May-1943Th 5A marched to 100 KILO (Anganan)
TBRC29-May-1943TH 5A  arr Regue (100 KILO camp)
TBRC30-MayH-Force arr Tonchan/Tarsao (284Km)
Th1-Jun-1943first SPEEDO deathsAlbert Lindsley & Dennis Willis die at Than hospital
dcd-TH10-Jun-1943Tharp TBR deathSM1c Donnis Willis (Th) dies at 80 KILO of dysentery
Toosey11-Jun-19431700 POWs at TMK Hospital Camp 
KIA12-Jun-1943US 131 killed in Allied bombing in BURMACPL Edwin Wilson
NAVY12-Jun-1943hospital camps now at 4 8 and 18 KILOMAJ Elkins  & Lt Bourn
Staggers12-Jun-1943cholera hits H-Forcein 37 days 118 POWs died
TBRC15-JunMobile Force #1 arr Taungzun (60 KILO camp)start of cholera outbreak
Reminick / Wiseman16-Jun-1943first cholera death at Hintok10:1 Tamil vs Allied deaths
Th16-Jun-1943prepared return to 80 KILOnotified WILSON KIA in bombing
Th17-Jun-194325 US among 100 sent to 80 KILO as hospital
Th27-Jun-1943TH Grp 5 death at 100 KILOEM3c  Calvin Benner dies of dysentery
NAVY28-Jun-1943MAJ Elkins  & Lt Bourn sick at 80 KILO
HELLFIRE30-Jun-1943construction of Hellfire Pass completed in abt 12 weeks[see TBRC Sep 43]
Toosey30-Jun-1943first contact between Toosey and BoonPong’s V Men’s ClubPeter Heath was his main contact
dcd-TH1-Jul-1943first 131 death on TBR(Th) from Tropical ulcerPVT James Drake
dcd-TH5-Jul-43Tharp TBR deathS2c  HUTCHINSON, BILL of  DYS
2/4 MG Bn13-Jul-1943Wm F#1 to KILO 72 (Mezali)
TXNG14-Jul-1943Fz Grp 3 to 62 KILO camp
dcd-Fz17-Jul-1943first Fz TBR death of dysentery at 30 Kilo campSM2c James Musto
dcd-TH17-Jul-1943Tharp TBR deathSM1c Floyd Armour of dysentery
dcd-TH17-Jul-1943Tharp TBR deathPVT Julius Anderson of Beri-beri
Th22-Jul-19434 non-US died of cholera at 100 KILO
Th22-Jul-1943Tharp TBR deathPVT Wendell Carney dies
dcd-TH23-Jul-43Tharp TBR deathY3c  GRAHAM RICHARD  of TU
Th23-Jul-1943Tharp TBR deathPVT Julius Anderson dies
dcd-TH29-Jul-43Tharp TBR deathPVT TREMONTE Ted  of TU
Th31-Jul-1943Tharp TBR death1Lt Hampton dies
Th1-Aug-1943Tharp TBR deathCPT (Dr.) Lumpkin dies
dcd-TH2-Aug-1943Tharp Grp 5 death at 100 KILOSGT Howard Hall dies of dysentery
dcd-TH3-Aug-1943Tharp Grp 5 death at 100 KILOPVT Eugene Silva dies of TU
dcd-TH5-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathMM2c ROTH JOHN THOMAS of DYS
dcd-TH9-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathMUS2c TUCKER WILLIAM EDWARD of TU
dcd-TH12-Aug-1943died during amputation for Tropical UlcerGM3c Pye dies undergoing amputation
dcd-TH16-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathAMM2c PARISH BARTOW HARRISON of BB
dcd-TH17-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathSK3c HITTLE ROBERT GLENN of TU
dcd-TH20-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathPVT DEMPSEY Austin Elmo of BB
dcd-TH21-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathCPL KELM ALBERT M of DYS
dcd-Fz22-Aug-43second and final Fz TBR deathPVT PFEIL STANLEY Arthur of Dys at 30 Kilo
dcd-TH22-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathGM2c PETERSON LENNART OLEY of DYS
dcd-TH23-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathGM2c KUNKE CZESLAUS John of TU
dcd-TH23-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathS1c MANION TOMMY JR of TU
dcd-TH23-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathRM2c REED CLARENCE OSCAR of DYS
dcd-TH24-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathMM3c YATES DONALD RALPH of BB
dcd-TH25-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathPVT HOCH JOYCE W of TU
dcd-TH25-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathMSG SHAW Edwin Earl  “Jack” of TU
dcd-TH26-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathPVT WHATLEY Hiram Jefferson Jr of TU
dcd-TH27-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathPVT DOIRON Llyod W of MAL
dcd-Hintok29-Aug-19431/3 from H-Force HintokSM1c Lyle Roszell dies at Tarsao of DYS
dcd-TH30-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathCSK BUSHNELL EDGAR WAYNE of TU
TBRC30-Aug-1943highest overall death toll of 1643 in this month
Toosey30-Aug-19433073 Pts at TMK hospitalDr. John Moon (surgeon) in charge
dcd-TH31-Aug-43Tharp TBR deathS1c PULLEN ROBERT HAROLD of TU
Wiseman31-Aug-1943part of H-Force arr Kinsaiyokcholera at nearby Tamil camp
2/4 MG Bn1-Sep-1943Wm F#1 to KILO 77 Apalon)
2/4 MG BnSep-43AUS F Force at Changaraya KILO 303200 die of cholera
dcd-TH3-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathCPL WATERS Nelson H of TU
dcd-TH5-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathS1c KETMAN ROBERT Earl JR of DYS
dcd-TH6-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathPVT SHAVER HARVEY D of DYS
dcd-TH7-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathPVT RUSSELL CHARLES E JR of TU
Reminick7-Sep-1943149 AUS & 150 Brit deceased at Hintok; many of cholera
dcd-TH8-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathSGT  BRAY Charles Bruce of TU
dcd-TH8-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathCPL FAULKNER Harold L of TU
TBRC8-SepDunlop force at Hintok3-tiered bridge/trestle at Hintok completed; 31 men died
dcd-TH9-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathRM2c GARWOOD EDWARD DERING of TU
dcd-TH9-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathGM3c SOULE IRVIN George T of DYS
dcd-TH10-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathPVT GUTHRIE William L of BB
dcd-TH10-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathS1c WIDMEYER HARRY CLARK of DYS
dcd-TH11-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathMUS2c KOELLING VERNON LOUIS of TU
dcd-TH11-Sep-43thought to have died during amputationPVT Samuel Jones dies at 80 KILO camp of TU
dcd-TH12-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathS2c GUY JAMES ANDREW of BB
dcd-TH13-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathPFC  BAXTER Billy Ray of TU
dcd-TH13-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathCPL DEATS Louis Frank Jr of TU
dcd-TH14-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathQM3c CARTER FREDRICK LESTER JR of TU
dcd-TH14-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathCEMDEMOEN ACHIEL RENE of TU
dcd-TH14-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathPVT SCHANDUA EDGAR J of TU
TXNG14-Sep-1943Fz grp to 85 Kilo Camp
TBRC15-SepHintok- Konyu section of railway completedHelfire Pass
dcd-TH16-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathS1c OMOTH ROBERT ENGMAN of CVD
dcd-TH16-Sep-43first non-TXNG Army deathPFC Edward Kalous (prior USF-Th) dies at 100 KILO of TU
2/4 MG Bn17-Sep-1943Wm F#1 to KILO 108 (Payathonzu)
dcd-TH17-Sepsecond non-TXNG Army deathPFC Harry Gray (LIBERTY surv) dies at 80 KILO of dysentery
TBRC17-SepMobile Force #1 arr Paya Thanzu Tuang (108 KILO camp)
dcd-TH18-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathSK3c JOHNSON EDWARD IRVIN of TU
dcd-TH18-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathCPL YELL Archie B of DYS
dcd-TH18-Septhird USMC deathUSMC CPL Holsinger dies of TU at 80 KILO camp
dcd-TH19-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathS2c EBAUGH FOREST VERGIL of NEU
dcd-TH19-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathS1c WYNN MARVIN ANGLOUS of DYS
2/4 MG Bn21-Sep-1943Wm F#1 to KILO 116 (Kami Songkurai)cholera in nearby ramusha camp / F Force
dcd-TH21-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathS1c LEE EARL HENRY of BB
dcd-TH21-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathEM3c WARD FRANK Calvin of TU
dcd-TH22-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathPVT LUNA ELTON of BB
dcd-TH23-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathPVT GILLIAM Robert E of TU
dcd-TH26-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathS2c CANTRELL JAMES ALBERT of TU
dcd-TH26-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathPVT IVEY DAN R of TU
dcd-TH27-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathPHM3c COOPER DALE ROGERS of TU
dcd-TH27-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathS2c BAERMAN DONALD GEORGE of DYS
dcd-TH27-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathCPL FORGEY Jed Dillmas of TU
dcd-TH29-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathSGT  ALEXANDER James Garland of TU
dcd-TH29-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathCPL SEWELL Dan Homer of TU
dcd-TH30-Sep-43Tharp TBR deathS1c HENDRICKS ROBERT Harry of DYS
dcd-TH2-Oct-43Tharp TBR deathS1c HALL ERVIN LEROY of TU
dcd-TH4-Oct-43Tharp TBR deathCPL COX Charles A of TU
dcd-TH6-Oct-43Tharp TBR deathS1c GODFREY DONALD FRANCIS of DYS
dcd-TH6-Oct-43Tharp TBR deathPFC  WOLTZ Donald Glenn of NUT
dcd-TH9-Oct-43Tharp TBR deathSGT  UPPERMAN Max of DYS
dcd-Hintok10-Oct-432/3 Hintok deathsPFC  Glen Moore dies at F&H hosp KAN of dysentery
dcd-TH14-Oct-43Tharp TBR deathCPL KITCHINGS HARRY A of TU
dcd-TH17-OctLAST 131 TBR worker deathPVT Johnny Jowell dies at 80 KILO of TU (med staff)
Barrett22-Oct-1943Party came to SINGA from Java- included Ensign Levitt, Capt Dodson (131st) and Lt J.P. Ferry (USAAF)Told that Felix, Y1c, USN had died of TB at BC in April
Futamatsu23-Oct-1943official TBR completion ceremonyThai and Burmese sections of line were joined near Konkoita
dcd-Hintok28-Oct3/3 Hintok deathsPVT Billy Thomas dies at F&H hosp KAN of beri-beri
dcd-TH31-Oct-43Tharp post-TBR deathPVT STOUT George Washington of TU
dcd-TH1-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR deathPFC  Rich Robert L of BB
TXNG3-Nov-1943Fz Grp to 114 KILO camp
dcd-Fz8-Nov-43Fz death post-TBRS1c BROTHERS, FRANK WHEELER of MAL
dcd-TH9-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR deathY3c ABRAMS RUSSELL EUGENE of BB
dcd-TH9-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR deathS2c SPENCER MASON DALE of DYS
dcd-TH13-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR death1LT Boren Lemuel Maxey of MAL
Futamatsu / TooseyNov-43An average of six trains per day operated for the life of the line50-hr trip from NPD to Moulmein; averaged only 1000 tons per day overall
dcd-Fz16-Nov-43Fz death post-TBRPVT MATTFELDT, WILLIAM of CVD
dcd-TH16-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR deathCPL BOYLE, Algers of TU
dcd-Fz17-Nov4th and last USMC deathUSMC PVT Wilson dies of malnutrition at Songkurai 114
dcd-TH17-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR deathPVT PARKER, ALLARD of TU
dcd-TH18-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR deathPFC MORRISON CLINTON Douglas of TU
dcd-TH18-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR deathSGT OFFERLE IRVIN OSCAR of TU
dcd-TH24-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR deathCPL BROWN Joseph Roy Jr    “Georgia” of BB
dcd-TH26-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR deathFC1c HIRSCHBERG LOUIS of TU
dcd-TH28-Nov-43Tharp post-TBR deathS2c FEELY JAMES JOHN of BB
KIA29-NovPVT  Ray Baldwin dies in ETO131 transfered to AAF
dcd-Japan3-DecE Batt death at Nagasaki JpCPL Nolan Kalich dies of meningitis
Barrett9-Dec-1943American air crew brought in: 1Lt Don Smith, 2nd Lts Joe Manella, Jack Quarant, Bob Powers & Tom Chambers. T SGT  Vann, plus SSGT s Hawe and TRACHTENBERGShot down near Hanoi on 15 Sep 1943- survivors of 2 Liberators.
dcd-TH11-Dec-43Tharp post-TBR deathSGT BOWEN Glenn Marion of TU
dcd-TH11-Dec-43Tharp post-TBR deathCOX TRIM DONALD PAUL of TU
dcd-Japan12-Dec-43first Zg Party death Ohasi JpGM3c Gene Fanghor dies of Diphtheria
dcd-Japan12-Dec-43last Zg Party death Hakodate JpEM3c Alfred Seidel dies of Bronchitis
dcd-TH14-Dec-43Tharp post-TBR deathPVT TIEMANN Elton William of BB
Gordon, CraytonDec-43Hintok-H Force grp returned to Singapore
dcd-TH21-Dec-43Tharp post-TBR deathSM1c HATLEN EDWIN Arthur of BB
dcd-Fz25-Dec-43Fz death post-TBRPVT DALESIO Frank  Fz of DYS
Reminick25-Dec-1943116 H-Force survivors of 525 POWs arr Singa via KANAUS grp 184 of 600 survived
2/4 MG Bn26-Dec-1943Williams Force#1 to KILO 122
dcd-TH26-Dec-43Tharp post-TBR deathAMM3c PISTOLE FRANK LYLE HOWARD of BB
NAVY27-Dec-1943initial Tharp grp moved to KAN “rest camp”
NAVY29-Dec-1943still at 100 KILOARMY 8 off 58 enl; USN 4 off;  74 enl
Th29-Dec-1943moved from 100 KILO to KAN camp #2 by trainless 148 non-fit men left at 100 KILO w/ MAJ Rogers
NAVY31-Dec-43last USN arr KAN
dcd-Fz1-Jan-44Fz death post-TBRPVT DICKENS, William of BB
ME1-Jan-44Th 5A moved to 195 Kilo Camp; cut wood for train fuel
dcd-Fz3-Jan-44Fz death post-TBRPVT EKLUND, Rudolph of BB
dcd-TH4-Jan-44Tharp post-TBR deathS1c CALLAHAN MELVIN CARL of TU
NAVY7-Jan-1944ill tfx 80 KILO to Kanchanaburi
NAVY7-Jan-194420 US from 114 KILO to 105 KILO114 = Songkurai
dcd-TH9-Jan-44Tharp post-TBR deathPVT BUSSEY Sam M of DYS
2/4 MG Bn11-Jan-1944Wm F#1 to KILO 131-33 (Nike)wood cutting camp
2/4 MG Bn12-Jan-1944Wm F#1 began TFx to Kanchanaburiill taken by rail
dcd-Fz14-Jan-44Fz death post-TBRPVT PITTS Gaston of BB
Reminick15-Jan-19444000/7000 F & 2000/3000 H return to Singa
TXNG17-Jan-1944Fz grp to Kanchanaburi
dcd-Fz21-Jan-44Fz death post-TBRPVT ROGERS JOHN of DYS
Toosey24-Jan-1944Officers moved from NPD back to TMKincluding LtCol Toosey; abt 3000 new POWs at TMK
2/4 MG Bn25-Jan-1944Wm F#1 back to KILO 114 (Changaraya)
dcd-Fz26-Jan-44Fz death post-TBRPVT BOWLEY Raymond of TU
NAVY26-Jan-1944marched from 100 to 105 KILO
NAVY26-Jan-1944Thai-anusorn monument begunMM3c Leo Bird selected to assist as stone mason
Walker26-Jan-1944Local Burmese and natives of Malaya, Java and Borneowere in a nearby camp mainly cutting timber for fuel
dcd-TH28-Jan-44Tharp post-TBR deathCPL EASTWOOD Howard W of NUT
dcd-TH28-Jan-44Tharp post-TBR deathCPL WILLIAMSON Babe Ruth of DYS
dcd-Fz30-Jan-1944Fz death post-TBRPVT Ward Simpson dies at KAN F&H of Tuberculosis
2/4 MG BnFeb-44F Force at KILO 105 (Aungganung) w/ Wm F#1Aussie POWs reunited
NAVY4-Feb-1944dedication of the Thai-anusorn obelisk
ME13-FebTh GRP 5 moved to ChungKai Camp, then Kanburi
Barrett17-Feb-1944Learned Roszell (S1c) died at Tarso Aug 29th; PVT C.E. Moore died Kanburi on 11 Oct and PVT B Thomas on 27 Oct- all of dysentery
dcd-TH24-Feb-44Tharp post-TBR deathCW TELLIS FRANK DOPSON of DYS
dcd-TH29-Feb-44Tharp post-TBR deathPFC COLLINS Columbus M of DYS
KIA6-Mar131 transfer to AAF deathPVT J W Bartee dies in ETO
Toosey13-Mar-1944Thai-anusorn shrine dedicated
Clark15-Mar-194410 US tfx to Khao Din RailyardArt Clark. Chas Pryor; Dallas Clark; John Lee;Wade Webb
NAVY18-Mar-194447 US still at 105 KILOUSN 24 MC 3
NAVY22-Mar-194456 US at 105 KILO tfx to JapanUSN 14 (with CPT Fowler)
dcd-TH23-Mar-44Tharp post-TBR deathCBM BLAIR KENNETH  of BB
2/4 MG Bn25-Mar-1944IJA began to select men to tfx to Japan
2/4 MG Bn27-Mar-1944Wm F#1 to Kanchanaburifollowing B-24 attack on 105 Camp
ME9-AprFowler +150 to Saigonw/ SSG H.R. Cobb
NAVY10-Apr-1944all at 105 KILO to KANUSN 3 o & 6 enl
dcd-TH12-Apr-44Tharp post-TBR deathSC2c SCHUELKE JOHN HENRY of DYS
WhitnallApr-44FCM1c Mahlant tfx to Nong Pladukthen on to Ubon
TH5-May-1944all remaining Us moved to KAN camp #1
dcd-TH7-May-1944final US 131 TBR POW dies on TBR (Th)PVT Herrera of dysentery at Nakorn Pathom
ME11-May-1944Fowler returns to Kan from Saigon
BeganMay-44First OSS attempt to infiltrate from China
dcd-Fz22-May-44final Fz death post-TBRS2c  BENDER, GEORGE of DYS
dcd-TH24-Jun-1944Tamahoko sunk by the USS Tang with loss of 17 US; 2 US survivorsSM1c Wilfred Logan & SM2c  Leo Callahan survived
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaS1c ALLEVA JOSEPH GEORGE TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPVT GLATZERT PAUL A TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPVT HAMNER HARRY Burner TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPFC HARRISON JAMES Walter TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPVT JASTER ADOLPH Herman TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPVT LAWSON THOMAS Lafayette E Batt from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPFC LOONEY FRANK Audie TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPVT McMAHON ROBERT Woodrow E Batt from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPFC REDWINE Ardell L TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPVT SALZMAN MELVIN Francis TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPVT SEWELL HAROLD Thomas TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPFC SHULTS LUCIAN D TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaSGT SPARKMAN LEON Stephen TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaY2c WILLERTON ROBERT PAUL TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPFC WILSON THOMAS Alton TFX from Java
KIA at sea24-Jun-44KIA at seaPVT WISMANN EDWARD Jr E Batt from Java
NAVY25-Jun-194435 US from KAN depart for Japan via Singapore
Barrett28-Jul-1944Col Melton in brig at SINGA with 2Lt StilesPlane forced down in China Jan 44;         Melton KIA 14 SEP 44 en route on Rakuyo
GeeAug-44part of Fz Grp tfx to Singapore 
NAVY7-Aug-1944sick moved to Nakorn PathomLT Heinman in command
Withnall/ Toosey6-Sep-1944Allied B-29s bomb Nong Pladuk railyards98 KIA ; 200 WIA mostly British; Toosey says 76 KIA & 300 WIA
ME13-Sep-1944sinking of the Rakuyo Maru carrying BG Varley
Reminick18-SepJunyo Maru sunk off Sumatra (5600 KIA) by HMS Tradewindsurvivors USMC PVT Wm Miller; SGT  Gordon Miller & PFC  Jos Sokolowski KIA
dcd-Borneo10-Oct-44USN BorneoS1c JOHNSON, HAROLD of TB
TBRC29-Oct-1944Allies bomb the RKB #1Dutch POWs KIA from ‘short-fall’ bombs
dcd-TH2-Nov-1944 BKR3c Albert Tanberg of dysentery
dcd-TH4-Nov-1944final USN TBR death at Chung Kai hosp campSM1c David Williams of dysentery
NAVY15-Nov35 US from KAN arr Japan (Fukuoka) via Singapore
GeeDec-44part of Fz Grp depart Singapore 
NAVY4-Dec-1944bombing at KAN & Non PlaDuk (third time)KIA 14 at Kan; 96 at NP96 KIA; 200 WIA; no US
TBRC8-Dec-1944Allies bomb Kui Yae (186Km in TH)26 Dutch POWS KIA
TBRC13-Dec-1944Allies bomb the RKB #2
Toosey / Wiseman18-Dec-1944AUS POWs replace Brits at TMKToosey moved to NKP then NPD camp 1
Barrett28-Dec-1944AMER LDR SM1  S. PEKICH died Paken Baroe Sumatra
NAVY5-Jan-1945Officers at KAN to be separatedenlisted moved to other nearby camps; ChungKai
Douglas15-Jan-194560 US moved to Phrachinburilater to Nakorn Nayok abt MAY 45
NAVY15-Jan-1945MAJ Rogers; CPT Parker 2 others arrested for radiosentenced to 5 yrs hard labor
Gee16-Jan-1945Fz Grp ship arrives JapanHellship Awa
BEGAN25-Jan-1945OSS MAJ Webster arr via PBYest an OSS presence in BKK
ME25-Jan-1945American VB-1 AZON MCLOS-guided 1,000 lb aerial ordnance hits bridge RKB attack #3
TBRC/ Toosey5-Feb-1945Allies bomb the RKB #4wooden bridge damaged
TBRC/ Toosey13-Feb-1945the two bridges were successfully bombed and damaged
NAVY15-Feb-1945more sick moved to Nakorn PathomENS Stivers  w/ brain tumor
NAVY15-Mar-1945CPT Fowler returns from Saigon
Mott3-AprUSAAF damaged the wooden railroad bridge once again7th Bomb Grp from Mandaganga India 1Lt Linamen
BEGAN14-Apr-1945Flying Tiger McGarry exfiltrated in PBYaided by FTM and OSS
Barrett4-May-1945USMM (civ) W.W. Hosey [SS Humphrey] died at Paken Baroe Sumatra
ME15-MaySaigon grp left Dalat for Tuy Hoa to repair a bridge
dcd-Hintok28-MayPVT  Lavern Staver dies in Singapore (post-TBR/Hintok)last H-Force death of brain cancer
ME30-Mayboth bridges were operational again
Barrett10-Jun-1945WF Matthews & CE Baker arr Singafrom Keppel Harbor; had been at Hintok?
BEGAN18-JunOSS airdropped med supplies onto Sanam Luang
Toosey24-Jun-1945RAF damaged the main bridge and entire railway line out of commissionRKB attack #5
Toosey28-JunToosey and many officers moved to Nakorn Nayoknearby were 30,000 IJA combat troops from China
NAVY15-Jul-1945Officers begin move to Nakorn Nayok
dcd-Japan12-Augfinal US POW dies in JapanSGT Donald Heleman of E Batt of beri-beri
Th15-Aug-1945sixth grp moves to Nakorn Nayok17 US officers
BEGAN16-Aug-1945OSS Jim Thompson & Alec MacDonald arr BKK via C-47meet Howard Palmer at Rose Palace
Th16-Aug-1945official notice of war’s endextra food and medicine arrive
Th17-Aug-1945LTC Tharp arrived Bangkok w/ MAJ Rogers & CPT Parker
Th18-Aug-1945ENS Stivers to Bangkok Nursing Home hospital(brain tumor)
Th19-Aug-1945Tharp to PMK hospital BKK
Th22-Aug-1945LT Stensland to Nakorn Pathom38 US in hospital at Nakorn Pathom; at max over 10,000 POWs
Th22-Aug-1945LT Keithley to Nakorn Nayok122 US in Nakorn Nayok
Th22-Aug-1945LT Hard to Prachinburi10 US at Prachinburi
Toosey22-Aug-1945LtCol Toosey goes to UbonBritish/ Dutch and a few AUS/US POWs there
Th24-Aug-1945CPTs Wright Cates and ENS Nelson to Petchburialso PVT Barnes and SGT  Moritz
Th25-Aug-1945CPTs Fowler & ENS Clark to US HQ BKKalso PVT  [Skillern]?
Th25-Aug-1945LT Heinen to Go-downs area Harbor camp
Th25-Aug-1945LT Morgan to [Tamwan]? = Tha Muangw/ 21 US
Th25-Aug-1945LT Lattimore at KANburiw/ 9 US
Th25-Aug-1945CPT Mott & ENS Smith at Paratrooper HQ in jungle
Th25-Aug-1945USMC SGT Aust retieves Tharp’s records from ChungKai
Th26-Aug-1945LT Keithley arr from Nakorn Nayokw/ 121 US
Th27-Aug-1945LT Hard arr from Prachinburiw/ 16 US
Th28-Aug-1945CPT Taylor Scarbrough & Demoss to Rangoon
Th29-Aug-1945ENS Stiver still at BNH hospital(brain tumor)
Th29-Aug-1945151 US to Calcutta
Th29-Aug-1945LT Fillmore at BKK HQ
Th30-Aug-1945SGT s Schmid & Douglas return to BKK
Th30-Aug-1945100 US arr from Petchburi to BKK
Th31-Aug-1945ENS Stivers and LT Fillmore  & Skillern to Calcutta
Th1-Sep-1945Fz to Saigon;  LT Schmid to CalcuttaSGT  Schmid & Douglas to Calcutta
TooseySep-45estimates 83K IJA combat troops in TH
TooseySep-45Khun BoonPong shot in KAN
Th2-Sep-1945SGTs Crain & Brown from [Tamwan] = Tha Muang!
NAVY3-Sep-1945Barnes to BNH hospital
NAVY6-Sep-1945Saigon party stop at BKK to Calcutta214 US including 8 AAF
Gordon, Crayton7-Sep-1945Changi POWs airlifted to Calcutta
TBRC15-Sep-45AUS begin remains recovery
Feliz25-Sep-45planned execution date for the POWs in Japan
Toosey25-Sep-45First grp from Ubon; AUS and some British flown to Rangoon
dcd-TH7-Oct-1945final TBR related deathEns John Bell Stivers dies of Glioblastoma in St Albans hosp NY
Toosey11-Oct-1945SS Orbita departs Rangoon with POWs to Englandincluded LtCol Toosey; arrived 9 NOV in Liverpool
TBRC15-Jun-1947TBR system sold to Thailandas part of war reparations via Britain
TBRCJul-58TBR system reopens mainly for tourism

The US POWs in the company of others from Java were sent to a number of destinations in addition to the TBR. Some, the E Battery contingent and Zeigler Party went directly to Japan (via Singapore). Many of the officers ended their captivity in the Mukden camp in Manchuria; some direct, others post-TBR. Sumatra was the destination for a few. A handful never left Java,

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